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Everything You Should Know About the Longest Day of the Year

The June Solstice

In the Northern Hemisphere, the June solstice (aka ) occurs when the Sun travels along its northernmost path in the sky. This marks the astronomical start of summer in the northern half of the globe. (In the Southern Hemisphere, it’s the opposite: the June solstice marks the astronomical start of winter, when the Sun is at its lowest point in the sky.)

When Is the Summer Solstice?

The June solstice occurs on Tuesday, June 21, 2022, at 5:14 A.M. EDT.

This solstice marks the official beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere, occurring when Earth arrives at the point in its orbit where the North Pole is at its maximum tilt (about 23.5 degrees) toward the Sun, resulting in the longest day and shortest night of the calendar year. (By longest “day,” we mean the longest period of sunlight hours.) On the day of the June solstice, the Northern Hemisphere receives sunlight at the most direct angle of the year.

In the Southern Hemisphere, the June solstice marks the beginning of winter.

Earth chart of Summer and Winter Solstice.

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